DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

Epilepsy

EPILEPSY

This disorder is characterized by fits or seizures which are often sudden, usually resulting in loss of consciousness.

PETIT MAL

The symptom here is fleeting loss of consciousness, where the patient (usually a child) may be seen to stare straight ahead into space.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU 20)               Neiguan (P. 6)

Yintang (EX .1 )              Shenmen (H. 7)

Renzhong (DU. 26)        Shenmai (U.B. 62)

GRAND MAL

This is more common type of fit. It is characterized by an aura, loss of consciousness with generalised convulsions and post epileptic phenomena. Loss of consciousness is often preceded by a sharp scream. Acute fits can be brought under control.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU 20)               Sishencong ( EX.6)

Yintang (EX. 1)               Xinshu (U.B 15)

Anmain I  (EX. 8)          Neiguan (P. 6)

Anmain II ( EX. 9)         Shenmen (H.7)

Jizhong (DU. 6)             Hegu (LI. 4)

Yaoqi ( EX. 20)              Shenmai ( U.B. 62)

Fenglong (ST.40)          Yanglingquan (G.B. 34)

JACKSONIAN FITS

The seizure begins in one part of the body and may spread to other muscle groups. The symptoms sometimes are restricted to an abnormal feeling in a part of the body which may spread to other parts (the so called  sensory epilepsy).

TREATMENT

Baihui ( DU 20) and / or                Sishencong ( EX. 6)

Yintang ( EX. 1)                                Neiguan  (P. 6)

Renzhong (DU. 26)                        Shenmen (H.7)

Fenglong (ST. 40)                          Shenmai (U.B. 62)

Some of the following points may also be added in resistant cases:

Ximen (P. 4)               Quchi (LI. 11)

Sanyinjiao (SP. 6)      Taichong (LIV.3)

Xinshu (U.B. 15)        Anmian I & II (EX. 8 and EX. 9)

PSYCHOMOTOR EPILEPSY

The fits are not as severe as in grand mal. Fits may be preceded by an aura of unreality and hallucinations.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20)         Sishencong (EX. 6)

Shuaigu ( G.B. 8)       Shenmen (H. 7)

Yangbai (G.B. 14)      Neiguan (P.6)

Touwei (ST. 8)           Shenmai (U.B. 62)

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s diseases

It generally affects elderly people. It is mainly a disturbance of voluntary movement caused by the degeneration of the inhibitory nerve fibres in the basal ganglia of the brain. Mental faculties are affected. The disease may be identified by a weakness and spascity of the face muscles (causing the  characteristic mask-like expression), a coarse tremor when at rest, a tendency for the mouth to stay open with excessive salivation, rigidity of limbs and the characteristic shuffling gait.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20)           Sishencong (EX. 6)

Quchi ( LI. 11)              Zusanli ( ST. 36)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)         Yanglingquan (G.B. 34)

Shenmen (H. 7)         Jiexi (ST.41)

Hegu (LI. 4)               Neiting (ST. 44)

When there is increased, salivation, the  following points may be added:

Dicang (ST. 4)                   Yinglingquan (SP. 9)

Chenjiang (REN 24)        Jiachengjlang (EX. 5)

Lianquan (REN 23          Fenglong (ST. 40)

Spastic Paralysis

Spastic paralysis

Spastic paralysis is caused by damage to certain brain areas and centers, resulting in the impairment of voluntary movements and presence of muscle spasm. The main indication may be spasm, or lack of co-ordination , or uncontrolled purposeless movements, depending on the site of the brain damage. This disorder is often confined to the legs. A rather painful form of recurrent nervous muscular spasm, however, is spasmodic torticollis where, the neck is usually deviated to one side.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU 20)  And/or       Sishencong (EX. 6)

Quchi (LI. 11)                       Yanlingquan (G.B. 34)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)                    Zusanli ( ST. 36)

Shenmen ( H.7)                     Shenmai (U.B. 62)

Hegu (LI. 4)                           Neiting (ST. 44)

Chorea

CHOREA

It is characterised by uncontrolled jerky movements , involving any part of the body. Sydenham’s chorea (rheumatic chorea, St. Vitus dance) a childhood disorder associated with rheumatic fever. Adults exhibit chorea in a rare hereditary condition known as Huntington’s chorea where, in addition to uncontrolled movement, there is progressive mental degeneration.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU 20)  And/or       Sishencong (EX. 6)

QUCHI (LI. 11)                       Yanlingquan (G.B. 34)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)                    Zusanli ( ST. 36)

Shenmen ( H.7)                     Shenmai (U.B. 62)

Hegu (LI. 4)                           Neiting (ST. 44)

Habit Spasms (TICS)

HABIT SPASM

Habit spasm or tic is an involuntary purposeless movements. Example: shrugging of shoulders, which may earlier have been purposive.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU 20)  And/or       Sishencong (EX. 6)

QUCHI (LI. 11)                       Yanlingquan (G.B. 34)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)                    Zusanli ( ST. 36)

Shenmen ( H.7)                     Shenmai (U.B. 62)

Hegu (LI. 4)                           Neiting (ST. 44)

Headaches

HEADACHE
There are many types of headaches – tension headaches, vascular headaches, post-concussion headaches, headaches due to frontal sinusitis, eye strain and other similar causes.
1. FRONTAL HEADACHE

A headache can cause pain anywhere in the head, but a frontal lobe headache tends to cause pain in areas such as the forehead and temples.

In spite of the name, a frontal lobe headache is rarely related to that part of the brain, and it is not a condition in itself. Pain in the front of the head is usually a symptom of another type of headache.

TREATMENT

Baihui ( DU 20)  and / or    Sishencong (EX. 6)

Shangxing ( DU 23)

Hegu (LI 4)

Touwei (ST. 8)

Neiting ( ST. 44)

Yanglingquan(G.B. 34)

Yangbai ( G.B. 14)

Yintang (EX. 1)

Yaiyang (EX. 2)

2. TEMPORAL HEADACHE

Treatment:

Baihui (DU 20) and / or            Sishencong (EX. 6)

Neiting (ST. 44)

Touwei (ST.8)

Foot-Linqi (G. B. 41)

Shuaigu (G.B.8)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)

Sizhukong (S.J. 23)

Hegu (LI. 5)

Yanglingquan (G.B. 34)

3. PARIETAL HEADACHE

Treatment

Baihui (DU. 20)   and / or       Sishencong (EX. 6)

Touwei (ST. 8)

Zhongzhi (S.J. 3)

Shuaigu (G.B. 8)

4. OCCIPITAL HEADACHE

Treatment

Baihui (DU. 20)

Fenchi (G.B. 20)

Kunlun (U.B. 60)

5. VERTICAL HEADACHE

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20)

Sishencong (EX. 6)

Kunlun (U.B. 60)

Xingjian (Liv. 2)

Yaoshu (DU. 2)

Insomnia

INSOMNIA

This is very common disorder and the causes include any kind of physical discomfort or pain. The points listed below, however, are for the treatment of insomnia due to anxiety and other mental causes:

Baihui (DU. 20)  and / or             Sishencong  ( Ex. 6)

Anmian I (EX. 8)                           Neiguan (P. 6)

Anmian II (EX. 9)                         Shenmen (H. 7)

Shenmai (U.B. 62)

The following additional points any also be used :

Shenting (DU. 24)                           Taixi (K. 3)

Where sleep is disturbed by dreams, the following points may be added:

Xinshu (U.B. 15)                         Shendao (DU. 11)

Meniere’s Diseases

MENIERE’S DISEASES

These disorders are caused by dysfunction of the inner ear, involving hearing and balance. In Meniere’s disease both these functions are impaired. For further description and points to be used

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20)

Ermen ( S.J. 21)

Tinggong (SI. 19)

Tinghui (G.B. 2)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)

Zhongzhu (S.J. 3)

Yanglao (S.I. 6)

Foot-Linqi (G.B. 41)

Taicong (Liv.3 )

Hegu (LI. 4)

Specific points for nausea and vomitting

Neiguan (P.6)

Zusanli ( ST. 36)

Vertigo

VERTIGO

If you experience the feeling that things around you are spinning, you may be suffering from Vertigo. It’s a condition in which a person feels that he or she is moving or the things in the surrounding are in motion when they are not so in reality. The person with Vertigo may have difficulty in maintaining balance in walking and standing. Improper imbalance can also result in falling. Nausea and vomiting may also accompany Vertigo.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20)

Ermen ( S.J. 21)

Tinggong (SI. 19)

Tinghui (G.B. 2)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)

Zhongzhu (S.J. 3)

Yanglao (S.I. 6)

Foot-Linqi (G.B. 41)

Taicong (Liv.3 )

Hegu (LI. 4)

Specific points for nausea and vomitting

Neiguan (P.6)

Zusanli ( ST. 36)

.Travel Sickness

TRAVEL SICKNESS

Motion sickness is a common condition where a person experiences the symptoms of nausea and vomiting while traveling by car, train, boat or airplane. Depending upon the means of transport, motion sickness may also be referred to as seasickness, car sickness or air sickness. While women and children are more prone to motion sickness, it can happen to anyone. Occasional motion sickness is not a cause of concern, but it can be a distressing condition for those who have to deal with it every time they travel.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20)

Ermen ( S.J. 21)

Tinggong (SI. 19)

Tinghui (G.B. 2)

Waiguan (S.J. 5)

Zhongzhu (S.J. 3)

Yanglao (S.I. 6)

Foot-Linqi (G.B. 41)

Taicong (Liv.3 )

Hegu (LI. 4)

Specific points for nausea and vomitting

Neiguan (P.6)

Zusanli ( ST. 36)

Meningitis

Meningitis

Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges (i.e. the three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord), usually due to some bacterial or virus infection.

This is due to congestion of water in the brain.

The patient should be given complete bed rest.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20) and/or               Sishencong (Ex. 6)

Dazhui (DU. 14)                           Zusanli (ST. 36)

Quchi (LI. 11)                               Sanyinjiao (S.P. 6)

Hegu ( L.I. 4)

For neck rigidity and opisthotonus, the following points may be added:

Yamen (DU. 15)

Yinmen (U.B. 37)

Weizhong (U.B. 40)

Kunlun (U.B. 60)

For nausea and vomiting, the following points may be used

Neiguam (P.6)

Zusanli (ST. 36)

Encephalitis

Encephalitis

Encephalitis refers to inflammation of the brain. There are several causes, but the most common is viral infection.

Encephalitis often causes only mild flu-like signs and symptoms — such as a fever or headache — or no symptoms at all. Sometimes the flu-like symptoms are more severe. Encephalitis can also cause confused thinking, seizures, or problems with senses or movement.

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20) and/or               Sishencong (Ex. 6)

Dazhui (DU. 14)                           Zusanli (ST. 36)

Quchi (LI. 11)                               Sanyinjiao (S.P. 6)

Hegu ( L.I. 4)

For neck rigidity and opisthotonus, the following points may be added:

Yamen (DU. 15)

Yinmen (U.B. 37)

Weizhong (U.B. 40)

Kunlun (U.B. 60)

For nausea and vomiting, the following points may be used

Neiguam (P.6)

Zusanli (ST. 36)b

Hemiplegia

HEMIPLEGIA

Paralysis is defined as loss of muscle function resulting in inability to move the affected part. The cause behind paralysis does not lie in the muscles but in the nervous system. The main causes of paralysis are stroke (poor blood flow to brain leading to cell death), trauma, nerve injury, poliomyelitis, spina bifida, Parkinson’s disease, Guillain-Barre’s syndrome, multiple sclerosis and cerebral palsy. Paralysis can be localised or generalised. Localised paralysis affects the face, eyelids, hands and vocal cords. Generalised paralysis includes monoplegia (paralysis of one limb), hemiplegia (paralysis of an arm and leg on one side of the body), paraplegia (paralysis of both lower limbs, the urinary bladder, and rectum are also usually involved) quadriplegia (paralysis of both arms and legs).

TREATMENT

Baihui (DU. 20)   and / or         Sishencong (EX. 6)

Hegu (L.I. 4)                               Dicang (ST.4)

Xiaguan (ST. 7)                          Jiache (ST. 5)

Quanliao ( S.I. 18)                  Jiachengjiang (EX. 5)

Hemiparesis

HEMIPARESIS

Hemiparesis, or unilateral paresis, is weakness of one entire side of the body (hemi- means “half”). Hemiplegia is, in its most severe form, complete part of half of the body. Hemiparesis and hemiplegia can be caused by different medical conditions, including congenital causes, trauma, tumors, or stroke.

In patients who have suffered a stroke the follrowing clinical features may be observed:

  • Mental symptoms, e.g., loss of memory, confusion, personality changes.
  • Paralysis of the lower two-thirds of the face on the contralateral side.
  • Difficulty to speech (aphasia) and of swallowing.
  • Paralysis of the contralateral upper limb.
  • Paralysis of the contralateral lower limb.
  • Spasticity of the affected muscles.
  • Loss of sensation in paralysed areas.
  •  Bed sores, oedema of dependent parts.
  • Bladder and bowel symptoms.
  • Associated disorders (commonly high blood pressure , diabetes)

Bulbarpalsy

BULSAR PALSY

This is a paralysis involving the tongue and the throat muscles and is a common complication of a stroke. Bulsar palsy may also arise as a result of a vascular accident in the brain stem area. Chronic bulbar palsy occurs as result of motor neurone disease involving the brain stem nuclei, in which event, the prognosis is much less favourable.

TREATMENT

a) swallowing difficulties

Baihui (DU 20)

Chengjiang (Ren 24)

Neiguan ( P. 6)

Hegu (LI . 4)

b) Exccessive salivation:

Baihui ( DU. 20)

Lianquan ( Ren 23)

Fenglong (ST. 40)

Yinlingquan (SP. 9)

c) Speech difficulties (aphasia, lisping, stammering, stuttering, slurring and hoarseness ):

Baihui (DU. 20)

Lianquan (Ren 23)

Tongli (H.5)

Dicang ( ST. 4)

Yanglingquan ( G.B. 34)

Paraplegia

PARAPLEGIA

Paraplegia is paralysis of the lower limbs and the lower half of the trunk caused usually by trauma, inflammation or tumour involving the spinal cord . Partial or total sensory loss in both lower extremities occurs, accompanied by urinary and rectal incontinence or retention.

Features typically seen in a paraplegia are:

  1. Weakness of the trunk below the site of the lesion.
  2. Weakness or paralysis of the lower limbs.
  3. Bladder and bowel symptoms.
  4. Impotence.
  5. Loss of sensation, paraesthesia.
  6. Bedsores.
  7. Oedema of the legs

Paraparesis

Paraparesis

Paraparesis is the partial paralysis of both legs due to disrupted nerve signals from the brain to the muscles.It can be caused by genetic factors and viral infections. Paraparesis that is linked to genetic factors is called hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP). It causes the long nerves in the spine to degenerate over time.

These spinal nerves control muscle tone and movement in the lower body. Damage to these nerves can result in the gradual impairment of movement, usually in both legs.Partial or total sensory loss in both  lower extremities occurs, accompanied by urinary and rectal incontinence or retention

Children of parents with HSP have a 50 % chance of being diagnosed with paraparesis.

Tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP)

Paraparesis caused by a viral infection is called tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP).

Symptoms can begin long after the original infection, sometimes decades after. TSP affects the spinal cord, compromises the immune system, and can cause muscle weakness and loss of skin sensation in both legs.

TSP typically affects people living in tropical regions, including the Caribbean.

TREATMENT:

Urinary incontinence:

Qugu ( Ren 2)

Sanyinjiao ( SP 6)

Taixi ( K 3)

Rectal incontinence:

Changqiang (DU 1)

Huiyin ( Ren 1)

Chengshan ( U.B. 57)

Sanyinjiao (SP. 6)

Zusanli (ST. 36)

Poliomyelitis (Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis Infant Paralysis)

POLIOMYELITIS

It is caused by a virus infection which affects the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and of the brain stem. The virus enters through the gastro-intestinal tract. Paresis or paralysis of the muscles ensues. There is no sensory loss.

SYMPTOMS

Diarrhoea, sore throat, headache, Vomitting , fever.

TREATMENT:

Diarrhoea:

Tianshu (ST. 25).

Zusanli (ST. 36).

Sore throat :

Tianrong (S. I. 17).

Nect-Futu (L.I. 18).

Headache:

Hegu ( L.I. 4)

Vomitting:

Neiguan (P. 6).

Fever:

Dazhui ( DU 14).

Quci (LI. 11).

Wrist drop:

Yanglao (S.I. 6)

Hegu ( L. I. 4).

Foot drop:

Jiexi ( ST. 41)

Kunlun ( U.B. 60)

Disorder Causing Lower Motor Neuron Paralysis of Acute Onset

Neuropraxia of the Lateral Popliteal nerve

NEUROPRAXIA OF THE LATERAL POPLITEAL NERVE

The chief feature of this disorder is foot-drop.

TREATMENT:

Baihui  (DU. 20), and / or    Sishencong (EX. 6)

Zusanli ( ST. 36)

Yanglingquan ( G.B. 34)

Jiexi ( ST. 41 )

Xiangu (ST. 43)

Neiting ( ST. 44)

Huntington Diseases

HUNTINGTON DISEASE

An inherited condition in which nerve cells in the brain break down over time.

CAUSES

It causes uncontrolled movements, emotional problems, and loss of thinking ability.

Muscular Distrophy

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY

There are various types of muscular dystrophy, all of which feature weakness and wasting of certain voluntary muscles. These disorders, many of which are heredofamilial, are not very common.

TREATMENT:

Yanglingquan (G.B. 34)

Quchi (L.I. 11).

Myopathy and Motor Neuron Diseases

MYOPATHY

It is a disease of the muscle in which the muscle fibres do not function properly.

TREATMENT:

Yanglingquan ( G.B. 34)

Quchi (L.I 11)

Disorders of the Autonomic nervous system

DISORDERS OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

The autonomic nervous system comprises two components, the sympathetic and parasympathetic, which reflexively regulate involuntary functions such as heart beat, blood pressure, and digestive activity.

Disorders affecting these systems are characterised by symptoms of autonomic imbalance , i.e., overaction of sympathetic or parasympathetic components. They are very difficult to cure with drugs and are often labelled as being “functional in origin”. The symptomatology is complicated by the fact that sometimes more than one of different systems such as cardiovascular, gastro-intestinal, urinary, and reproductive are involved.

TREATMENT:

In hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), the following points may be used:

Quchi ( L.I. 11)

Zusanli (ST. 36)

Sanyinjiao (SP. 6)

Hegu (LI. 4).

Fuliu (K. 7)

Yinxi (H.6)